The panleucopenia virus (FPV) in cats is highly contagious and spreads through feces and urine from a sick cat, mink or ferret, as well as fleas.
FPV spreads even long distances carried by cat litter, food cups and the shoes and clothing of the host.
The virus is extremely durable and remains infected for a year under suitable conditions. It strikes the structures of the digestive tract, causing ulceration and eventually flapping the entire intestinal epithelium layer. The consequences of this are bloody diarrhea, malnutrition, dehydration, anemia, collapse of white blood cell counts, scrapping of the immune system and often even death.
Vaccines are available to prevent the disease. The virus does not infect humans.
- Allow all reagents, supplies, and samples to equilibrate to the test temperature °C) before beginning the test. Take the test cartridge from its foil pouch, place it on a flat surface, and run the test immediately or within an hour.
- Take a stool or vomit sample with a cotton swab. The stool sample can also be taken from the cat’s anus.
- Place the swab in the bumper tube and rotate it effectively to extract the sample into the buffer.
- Take a sample of the extraction tube with a disposable pipette and squeeze 3 drops (approx. 120 μl) into the test cassette sample well S. Start the timer or look at the time from the clock.
- Read and interpret the result after 5 min (no longer after more than 10 minutes):
*Two lines (C and T) = positive (including even weak T-line)
*C-line only = negative
*Missing C line = void, failed, not interpretable (even if the T line is displayed)